Dr Shraddha Deshpande

Gynecomastia

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Gynecomastia is a common condition among boys and men of any age in which breast tissues enlarge. There are many reasons for this condition including hormonal imbalance, any ongoing medical treatment, consumption of alcohol, drug abuse, weight fluctuations etc. During puberty, if a boy experiences gynecomastia, it will most likely resolve on its own once hormone levels are normal. If the condition persists, it can cause emotional stress and affect man’s confidence.

Operation

There are various techniques used to correct gynecomastia & it is a highly individualized procedure. The technique is also dependent on severity of gynecomastia. Your surgeon may use liposuction to correct mild gynecomastia or can also recommend excision of tissues where periareolar incision would be taken.

For mild gynecomastia, your surgeon may use local anesthesia however for higher severity, general anesthesia is required.

Result

Surgery to correct gynecomastia will help achieve following.

  • Improved body image and self-esteem
  • Flatter & well contoured chest

What about scars?

Scars are an inevitable part of any invasive surgery. Your surgeon will minimize scarring by taking periareolar incisions. Scars usually fade with time and become barely noticeable. Please discuss about scars with your surgeon.

Risks/ Complications

Gynecomastia surgery is generally safe but following potential complaints, risks and complications may occur; most of the which will subside in 2 weeks’ time. These are largely driven by one’s healing abilities.

  • Bleeding, infection
  • Bruising, swelling & pain
  • Nausea, numbness & itching around wound
  • Slightly mismatched nipples

In rare case, as with all surgical procedures, a revision surgery may be necessary to correct minor irregularities.

Care after treatment/ surgery

Immediately following surgery, your chest area will be covered with dressings and you may be required to wear pressure garments to support natural healing process, minimize bruising and swelling. Recovery in hospital should be fast as your body will spend its energy on healing. Most patients will be able to get up and walk the same day of surgery and they’ll back to work in in 1 – 2 weeks after surgery. Vigorous activities should be avoided in 1st six weeks.

After you are discharged from hospital, you will see your surgeon in post-surgery follow up sessions. Any plastic or other surgery does not stop biological ageing process and your surgeon will recommend you ways to keep your skin hydrated to have effect of surgery lasted for long.

Costs

Costs for individual procedures will vary widely based on the procedure & hospital chosen for surgery but usually involves following.

  • Surgeon’s fee
  • Hospital facility charges
  • Anesthesia fees
  • Medical tests & medicines
  • Any post-surgery garments

If revision surgery is needed in a rare case, your surgeon will not charge Surgeon’s fee but other costs will have to be borne by patient as applicable.

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